Almanac of Maryland

Admitted to Union April 28, 1788 Rank 7th
Capital Annapolis  
Nickname Old Line State, Free State  
Motto Fatti Maschii Parole Femine
(Manly deeds, Womanly words)
(Strong Deeds, Gentle Words)
Present Constitution adopted 1867  
Total Area including land and water 12,407 square miles Rank 42nd
Total Land Area 9,775 square miles Rank 42nd
Greatest distance East to West 238 miles  
Greatest distance North to South 124  
Total Water Area 2,633 square miles Rank 18th
Length 250 miles  
Width 90 miles  
Highest Point 3,360 feet (Backbone Mountain) Rank 32nd
Lowest Point Sea level (Atlantic Ocean) Rank 3
Mean Elevation 350 feet Rank 43rd
Geographic center In Prince Georges Co., 4-1/2 mi. NW of Davidsonville  
State Forests 7 (136,907 ac.)  
State Parks 40 (90,240 ac.)  
Number of counties 23, and 1 independent city (Baltimore City)  
Highest Temperature 109° on July 10, 1936 at
Cumberland and Frederick
Lowest Temperature -40° on January 13, 1912 at Oakland  
Highest Monthly Avg. Temperature 87.1° Rank 26th
Lowest Monthly Avg. Temperature 24.3° Rank 35th
Average yearly precipitation (rain & snow) 43 inches  
Interesting Fact: The Hagerstown Town and Country Almanack was
established in 1797, making it the second oldest
almanac in the United States.

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